Survival Gear FAQ’s

Food

1) How long can I survive without Food? A person can survive 2-3 weeks without food or nutrition. Your brain begins to shut down after three days without food or nutrition. In any survival situation, you rely heavily on your ability to make sound judgment calls and the clarity of your decision making process.

2) My daughter is Gluten Intolerant, are there any long term food solutions for her special food needs? R.F. Bunker provides an entire line of Gluten Free items, including entrées, breakfast, and deserts. They are 100% certified Gluten Free, which means that the food in this line does not experience cross-contamination from other gluten related food produced on the same manufacturing line. Our Gluten Free non-perishable food line is pure and will accommodate any Gluten intolerant need.

3) Should I count calories or serving size when planning food preparing needs for my family? It is difficult and time consuming to count calories for preparing food quantity for survival needs. Serving sizes generally run in 2 servings per person, per meal. In a survival effort, families may ration even lower to 1 serving per person per meal. Remember, you are in an emergency situation and food will likely be scarce. You will not be able to run to the grocery store for replenishment. When purchasing long term food storage provisions, figure for a family of 4: 2 servings per Adult per meal 1 serving per Child per meal. Two adults, two children will require 4-6 servings per meal X a minimum of 2 meals per day=8-12 servings. 72 hours worth of meals will be 24-36 servings for a family of 4.

4) How many calories per person should I use as a prepared benchmark?
Adults: 2000 calories per day
Young Adults (12-18): 1800-2400 calories per day
Children (2-11): 1200-2000 calories per day

5) Can I eat bugs to nourish my body in a survival situation? Insects are a perfect source of nutrition and supply the body with energy not only to work but to generate heat which maintains body temperature. Locusts, ants, grubs, worms, beetles etc are a great way to sustain your body function while in an extreme survival situation.

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Water

1) How much water should I have available for emergencies? The general water ration is every person in an emergency situation needs to have at least 1 gallon of water a day. 1 gallon of water per person, per day. It is customary to have a storage of at least 72 hours worth of water per person in your household.

2) Should I treat my storage water? You may treat your water to ensure longevity. There are water preserver products on the market good for 55 gallons of water treatment. You may also use regular household bleach that contains 5.25-6.0 percent sodium hypochlorite. Rule of thumb: use 16 drops (1/8 teaspoon) of bleach per gallon of water.

3) How heavy is a liter of water? How heavy is a gallon of water? 1 liter of water has a weight of 2.2lbs and/or 1 kg . 1 Gallon of water has a weight of 8.35 lbs and/or 3.79 kg.

4) What type of water filter should I use for my readiness needs? There are hundreds of water filters on the market today. You will lose your mind trying to research and try them all out. First, identify what use you will use the water filter. Backpacking/ camping (small single time uses), In home filtering (larger, prolonged uses), Bug-out purposes (steady, emergency uses), Single individual use, Family use, community use… Second, identify how many gallons you wish to require filtering. Short term use 30-100 gallons. Medium use: 100-300 gallons. Long term Emergency or home use: 400-3,000 gallons. Community use: 5000+ gallons. Third, Will you need a large, indoor decorative filter or will you require a mobile, outdoor practical filter? Once you identify these three questions, you will be ready to go water filter shopping. Katadyn and Aquamira are reliable manufactures of backpacking/hiking outdoor water filters and purifiers. Berkey and Pro Pur are additional indoor, large capacity water filters. For a no-nonsense mobile/outdoor, large capacity water filter that nocks out radiation, fluoride and any other heavy metal material- Take a look at Aqua Pail.

5) What is a Forward Osmosis Bag? What purpose would it have in an emergency situation? Forward osmosis is an osmotic process that, like reverse osmosis, uses a semi-permeable membrane to effect separation of water from dissolved solutes. The purpose of such a Forward Osmosis Bag or “Hydration bags” is that these survival ready bags use an ingestible draw solute and are intended for separation of water from dilute feeds. This allows, for example, the ingestion of water from surface waters (streams, ponds, puddles, etc.) that may be expected to contain pathogens or toxins that are readily rejected by the FO membrane. Over an extended time, such water will permeate the membrane bag into the draw solution, leaving the undesirable feed constituents behind. The diluted draw solution may then be ingested directly. Typically, the draw solutes are sugars such as glucose or fructose, which provide the additional benefit of nutrition to the user of the FO device. Note: these hydration bags may be readily used to recycle urine, greatly extending the ability of a backpacker or soldier to survive in arid environments. During Hurricane Katrina and the devastation in Haiti, Forward Osmosis bags functioned as one of the sole application of water from the highly contaminated water sources. During floods, hurricanes, typoons, earthquakes, tornados…anything that will destroy clean water resources, a forward Osmosis bag can simply be thrown into a water puddle and create a drinkable water / electrolyte source to sustain your bodily function.

6) How long can I survive without water? The human body can only survive three (3) days without water. Water is first concern that every individual in an emergency situation should identify. Without water, the body will die quickly. Keep in mind that there are sources of water that do not come out of a reservoir, lake, stream, and faucet. Fruits and plants act a useful source of water to sustain bodily function.

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Shelter / Warmth

1) How long do I have before my body becomes negatively impacted by elements? The human body is influenced heavily by its surrounding environment. The body can die of exposure within three hours of extreme temperatures. Next to Water and Food, proper shelter and warmth are the next vital ingredient to survival.

2) What type of materials can I use for making a shelter? Shelters can come in any material, shape or size. Depending on the situation, you may use leaves, branches, limbs, mud, snow, rock, or man-made materials such as tarps and bivvys. Anything used to protect the human body from the elements, keeping it dry and warm is the first objective in creating proper survival shelters. Note: Check out the book ­­­­­­Extreme Survival by Akkermans, Cook, Mattos, Morrison. This book is loaded with different shelter techniques and resources from Jungle, snow, rock, debris, desert and wood shelters.

3) Is an emergency blanket a good thing to carry in my emergency bag? Mylar emergency blankets are a good source of protection from losing body heat. Always remember that these blankets are a great item to “layer” your sleeping bag or clothing. Never use an emergency blanket while sitting on the raw ground. Emergency blankets act as an insulator that keeps your body heat in the bag. When you sit on the cold, raw ground, this insulation is useless and sometimes will expedite the cooling of the body in an emergency situation.

4) What is layering? What purpose does it serve in a survival situation? Layering is essential to create warmth and control temperature around the body. During a survival situation, hypothermia and hyperthermia is a major concern. Remember: Hypo- the body is losing heat *below 98.6 degrees Hyper- the body is generating too much heat *above 98.6 degrees. It is much easier to take off clothing layers to regulate temperature, than to need it. The perfect clothing layering technique for cold temperature environments is as follows: Tops: layer 1) Thin Wicking layer top, layer 2) Regular cotton top, layer 3) Flannel or Fleece top layer 4) a down jacket or something with insulating quality. Layer 5) a rain or moisture repellant material shell. Bottoms: layer 1) Wicking material- long underwear layer 2) non-jean pant (typically a water resistant material is preferable.) layer 3) Nylon shell to keep out water.

5) What fire-starting / Fire making items are a must in every emergency bag, Evacuation bag, Bug-out-bag? Magnesium fire starter kit, Fero Rod, Dryer lint, steel wool, Fire Sticks, Fire Tabs, Fire Paste, Utility Flame *my favorite non-toxic fire gel. There are hundreds of fire starter items on the market and it is important to do your homework or talk to an informed sales rep about which fire starting material is right for your emergency needs.

6) How do I protect myself from losing body heat while sleeping on the ground? Sitting on the ground during any cold emergency will increase your chance of hypothermia. It is important to insulate yourself from the cold coming out of the ground from the warmth created by your body. Always keep a thin foam pad rolled up in your vehicle (2” X 4” minimum) and/ or emergency storage area to act as an insulator from situations where you may have to stand or sit directly on the ground. Pick an insulating material that will not absorb moisture. Materials that absorb moisture will render your insulation item useless and will expedite an emergency situation during cold weather.

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Communication / Signaling

1) What type of equipment do I need to signal for help during an emergency? During emergency situations it is always essential to have gear that will assist in calling for help. Whistles, reflective mirrors, reflective tarps, flares, smoke flares and air horns are some suggested items to keep in your vehicle, bug-out-bag, emergency bags and emergency storage area.

2) If my two-way radios claim to reach 22-35 mile distance, is this information that I can rely on? Keep in mind that the distance claims on all two-way radios are for open site only. If you are in a highly dense city or mountain area, your open site for communication is limited to a mile or two at most.

3) How do I signal for help in any emergency situation?Signaling during the day is a lot easier. Brightly colored tarps may be used to alert passers by to your emergency situation. Using a signaling mirror to reflect the sun’s rays is another suggestion for daytime emergency signaling.

Signaling during the night in much more challenging than signaling during the day. Creating an emergency signal is necessary to continue sending alerts for assistance. Build three fires approx. 100 feet apart. Place the three fires to form a triangle and make sure they are in a visible ground location. Maintian fires throughout the evening (prepare by having wood and fuel to feed the fire over a 4-8 hour period.

4) Is there a universal signal for help? SOS (Save Our Souls) is the best known international distress signal. Everyone should be familiar with SOS. The SOS signal can be transmitted by any method, visual or audio. The code for SOS is 3 short, 3 long and 3 short signals. Pause. Repeat the signal.

sos

5) What are some “no-battery needed” options for radios? With today’s technology, it is easy to find no-battery needed options to radio options. Solar, crank, and electric options such as the “Power Pot” and “BioLite” are simple solutions to utilize your radio communications without having bulky and sometimes, not-available batteries around. With so many choices, it is important to visit a store to put your hands on the equipment and educate yourself on its function before you purchase.

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Lighting

1) There are so many selections of emergency lighting on the market, how do I know which one to buy? Like the Water Filters, Lighting has saturated the consumer markets in the United States. Lighting comes in all shapes, sizes, colors and technology applications. Rechargeable lights that plug into your vehicles’ cigarette lighter are the perfect solution for vehicle related lighting. Manufactures such as Nebo, Klarus, Surefire, Coast and Maglite are the most reliable sources for emergency lighting. With Solar and crank technology available, lighting has become less expensive and a lot more functional than a decade ago. Identify the following 1) What purpose are you using it? 2) How bright do you wish it to illuminate 3) How much do you want to spend and 4) Where do you wish to carry the lighting. After you answer these questions, visit a store and check out your options.

2) Are there flashlights that don’t need batteries? Yes, there are solar and crank flashlights on the market. Do your research, visit a store and put your hands on a selection before you decide to buy.

3) Should I have back-up batteries for my flashlights and radios during an emergency? If so what type of batteries do I need to have in storage? Overwhelming Yes! During Hurricane Sandy in New York 2012, after the storm, people were without batteries to run their flashlights, radios etc. D batteries were selling for $10 a piece and people were paying it for their emergency needs. Next time you are at the market pick up a packet of extra D, C, AA and AAA batteries. Keep them in your emergency storage area for your next emergency needs.

4) How effective are solar powered lights? How long do they last? Solar powered lights vary in effectiveness. Depending on the size of the solar panel on the light, they generally last 2-4 hours and have a charging time of 2-8 hours. Solar powered lights work well in emergency situations such as earthquakes, tornados, hurricanes, and severe storms. Be sure to charge your solar powered lights before you need them. Note: Test your gear before you need it.

5) I live in an area where the power goes every time there is a severe storm, what suggestions do you have for supplementing electricity during these power outages? Power Outages run hand-in-hand with natural disasters. To provide a source of electricity when your electrical grid is down, invest in a generator. There are solar solutions available. You will need a solar panel *depending on size you may need three or more panels, inverter, & battery source. Remember: A generator needs oil and gasoline to operate, so prepare ahead of time. Story: During the New York Hurricane Sandy disaster, a man boasted on T.V. that he had purchased the last generator at Home Depot. He was going to take the generator home and if he did not need it, he would bring it back to Home Depot. #1, it was clear that he was unaware that the generator needed oil and gas to operate…otherwise, he never would have claimed that he would bring it back. #2 Chances are he would not have had the know-how to operate the generator during the emergency, as it is important to use and test your equipment BEFORE any emergency situation occurs! #3 Don’t cheap out on your emergency equipment. It is the sole source of survival for you and your family and you need to know 100% that you can count on it to deliver safety and security. #4 Emergencies happen quickly and there is usually little time to plan out your equipment needs during each unexpected situation. If you do not have operational equipment and gear already tested and ready to go…you have lost the opportunity to protect you and your family.

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Storage

1) How long can you store water before it becomes compromised? Water may be stores up to 8 months without having to be treated. With a reliable water filter, this question becomes a moot point. NOTE: Invest in a high capacity Water filter and store your water with confidence.

2) How do I increase my food storage capacity? Buying food from the market has a limited expiration time. To increase longevity of your food products, you want to remove the elements that can create spoilage and decrease longevity…Air and Oxygen. Buying food in 25lb and 50lb bags is great…make sure you are storing it to last 15-25 years. How? Mylar bags, Oxygen Absorbers, Food Grade Buckets, Gamma Lids and #10 can sealing techniques. Visit a R.F. Bunker store to learn about long term storage techniques and gear.

3) What is an Oxygen Absorber and how is it different from a silicon packet? Oxygen Absorbers absorb oxygen from the air in your storage space (bags, buckets etc). Because Air is comprised of 20% oxygen, an Oxygen absorber will create an environment void of oxygen so that nothing grows on your stored food source. An oxygen absorber is used in Mylar bags to prolong the shelf life. They prevent food color change, stop oils in foods from becoming rancid, and also retard the growth of oxygen-using aerobic microorganisms such as fungi. Note: Without Oxygen present, organic material can not grow. You may purchase O2 Absorbers in a 100cc 300cc 500cc and 2000cc packet.
Silicon gel packets (desiccant packets) absorb moisture in a stored food-related vessel. It does not take out all the moisture (water) in the air, so there is a chance that moisture is still present, thus allowing particles to grow on your food. FYI: Another source of Oxygen Absorbers-like materials are the common “hand & foot warmers”.

4) How do I seal my Mylar Food storage bags? Will my vacuum sealer work on my Mylar bags? Mylar food storage bags are thicker than poly food storage bags. A Mylar heat sealer will work perfectly to seal any Mil sized Mylar Bag. Note: If you are on a budget, a household iron will work (Use the side to create seal lines in 2-3 rows). Test your seals by gently pressing on the bottom of the seal. If the seal is tight, you will feel resistance of remaining air in the bag (oxygen absorbers will take care of this additional air – question 3 above).
A vacuum sealer will not generally work on thicker Mylar bags. Remember that food sealers work on POLY bags, not Mylar bags. These are two different products. Visit a R.F. Bunker Store near you for more information on sealing Mylar and Poly type food storage bags.

5) What is a Mylar Food Storage Bag? Mylar is a trade name for BoPET (Biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalatea). Mylar or
BoPET is simply a polyester film material that looks like foil. Mylar bags are used to protect food against oxidation and aroma loss, achieving long shelf life. The foil acts as a reflective source for sunlight penetration, thus protecting the material inside the bag from UV exposure and increasing longevity of food products.

6) Do Water Filters have an expiration date? Yes, all water filters have an expiration date. Depending on how often the filter is used and the environment it is used in, the filter generally lasts 1-2 years. Most filters are measured by Gallon capacity and it is up to the user to keep track of the usage to determine credibility of the filter life. Some new filter products have visual indicators on the filter to determine life of the filter. Check with your emergency specialist to determine which filter is best for you.

7) What is a Gamma Lid? Gamma Lids are an air tight, pest-proof poly lid that seals any 2 gallon-5 gallon bucket. Gamma Lids are the perfect solution to your food storage needs and the color selections allow you variety in storage organization.

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Bug-Out

1) What does Bug-Out mean? The term Bug-Out is defined as: to retreat during a military action; especially:  to flee in panic, to depart especially in a hurry or emergency situation.

2) What emergency essentials do I need to have in order to Bug- Out? Visit the R.F. Bunker Emergency Tool for a shopping list needed during emergency situations. Remember: Water, Food, Shelter/Warmth, Communication and defense (*exactly in that order) are essential to surviving any emergency situation.

3) What type of Bag is essential for carrying bug-out equipment and emergency gear? Don’t cheap out on your emergency equipment and especially your go-bag. Your emergency bag is your life-line to any survival situation. Be sure when purchasing any emergency bag that the bag material is durable and the zippers are both high-capacity zippers with water resistant zipper lining. This will protect your contents and ensure that the vital emergency equipment inside remain uncompromised and functional. A dilapidated bag is useless if it breaks or rips in any way. Carrying your contents inside a well chosen bag needs to be worry-free. Pick a bag that does not attract attention and that may offer MOLLE capability (perfect for attaching gear for easy-to-get-to access). Check with your emergency specialist at your nearest R.F. Bunker store to assess your emergency bag needs.

4) How does my family Bug-Out safely? Bugging-Out safely takes planning and preparing! An individual that needs to leave/ evacuate their location quickly has less then 5 minutes at the most to grab important survival items and head out to a safe location. If you are not prepared and your emergency bags, evacuations bags, Go-bags, bug-out bags and/or 72 hour bags are not packed and ready to execute, you have just cut your chance of survival of any extreme emergency by 90 percent.
Visit your emergency specialist to begin building your emergency bag to protect yourself and your family in any emergency situation. By having an emergency bag prepared for any bug-out situation, you are ensuring that that your basic needs of water, food, shelter/warmth, communication and defense are taken care of, and that you have solidified peace-of-mind.

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First Aid

1) How do I stop a wound from bleeding? Check out a product named “Quick Clot”. Every First Aid Bag needs to have Quick Clot or a similar blood stopping agent included.

2) Do I have to use a CPR Mask to use CPR on an individual? Yes, In today’s environment, it is essential to protect yourself while you are assisting others in an emergency situation.

3) What items are essential for every First Aid Kit? Every Basic First Aid Kit should include the following: Adhesive and sterile dressings, gauze dressings, tubular bandages, safety pins, thermometer, scissors, surgical gloves, pen ,paper, matches, duct tape, antiseptic toweletts, CPR Mask, Tweezers, Iodine wipes, burn cream, CPR instructional booklet, sterile sponges and Cleansing wipes.

4) Should I move an injured Individual? Never move an injured individual unless absolutely necessary and their life is in immediate danger in the location they currently occupy. Make them warm, comfortable and observe for any signs of shock. Keep the individual talking if possible.

5) What is does triage mean? The word “triage” originated from the French word “Trier” which means “to sort out.” When a person triages injuries, he basically sorts injuries based on severity. Basic triage in an emergency situation should be handled based on the “A-B-C’s” of a persons condition. “A” in a first aid situation, stands for checking the injured individual’s Airway for any obstruction. “B” in a first aid situation, stands for verifying the breathing of an injured individual. “C” in a first aid situation, stands for Circulation. Is the injured individual’s heart beating? Remember, you should always yield to medical and rescue professionals when they are present. In mass casualty situations, triage is used to decide who is most urgently in need of transportation to a hospital for care (generally, those who have a chance of survival but who would die without immediate treatment) and whose injuries are less severe and must wait for medical care.

6) What is S.T.A.R.T and how do I apply it in a Triage situation? S.T.A.R.T. (Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment) is a system developed to categorize victims in a disaster or mass casualty situation. The S.T.A.R.T., an advanced triage system, categories are identified as follows:

a) The Deceased, or who are beyond help (These are identified as expectant and should be marked with Black tags or black tape).
b) The inured who could be helped by immediate transportation (These are identified as Immediate or Observation and should be marked with Red Tags or tape or Yellow tags / tape, respectively).
c) The injured with less severe injuries whose transport can be delayed (These are identified at Wait and should be marked with green tag /tape.
d) Those with minor injuries not requiring urgent care (These are identified as Dismiss and should be marked with White tags /tape.

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Tools & Equipment

1) I live in a location that experiences high levels of blizzard activity, what tools should I have in my emergency storage? Blizzard environments introduce a challenge in several arenas. Equipment needed to navigate a blizzard is as follows: Sturdy shovel, a dependable saw, wool blankets, 25lb of sand, Insulating pad, extra hat, gloves, balaclava, rescue tool (seatbelt cutter), Gas & Water shut-off valve key, foldable /portable store with fuel tabs (or other fire starter material), high-capacity water filter, at least 72 hours worth of Long Term Food rations.

2) Is it necessary to have a Gas and Water shut-off valve key in my emergency gear? Yes, a gas /water shut off valve key is necessary and a preventive tool for every emergency storage.

3) I live on the 12th floor of a high-rise building, what equipment should I have prepared for during an emergency situation? 12th floor means you are susceptible to fires, power outages, busted or frozen pipes, earthquakes, tornados, hurricanes, tsunamis, sever storms and extreme winds. Take the Emergency Tool Challenge. You will be provided a complete list of items necessary for the above emergencies. Pay close attention to the fires section. These items will be necessary for you to navigate your way down to the first floor for safety.

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Firearms

1) What is the difference between a Firearms Transfer Fee and a Background Fee? Firearm’s transfers are the process where a fire arm changes hands from one FFL Dealer to another FFL Dealer or a Private Seller to FFL Dealer.
A Background Fee (not applicable in all states) is a fee generated by the state to run a legal background check on the purchaser of a firearm.

2) What kind of firearm would you suggest for home defense? Shotgun.

3) I have a Conceal Carry Weapons (CCW) permit, as a woman who wears business suits and dresses most of the time, what type of handgun should I purchase for my CCW protection and what suggestions do you have on how to carry my gun concealed? As ladies begin to purchase more and more firearms in the United States, markets are beginning to open up for items being manufactured as carrying cases for them. Ladies are challenged with carrying a concealed firearm due to the shear fact that their clothing is not as pocket friendly as a man’s clothing choice. There is little room to conceal a firearm in most suits and ladies clothing. Some solutions to this are conceal carry purses, chest or shoulder holsters, and ankle holsters.

4) I have arthritis in my hands and have little strength and mobility. Is there a personal defense gun that would work for me? We would recommend a small caliber revolver, such as a Ruger LCR, Taurus Ultra-lite, or Smith & Wesson Air Weight. These all have limited moving parts, they will never jam and you don’t have to pull back the slide to initialize.

5) How long does it take to get a CCW permit? How much will a CCW permit cost ? A CCW Permit will take 90 days from the time you submit your Concealed Carry Weapons application. Remember: In most states, you must take a CCW or handgun safety class before any county will accept your application.
CCW permits will cost you the following: $100-$250 for a CCW Class, an additional $150-$200 for the application submittal in the county you reside. If you are paying more than $200 for a CCW class… you are over paying. Don’t fall prey to the marketing scams for CCW classes. They all teach you the same information and they should all include field work with the price of your class. Avoid classes that claim you do not need field work (range time to shoot your firearm and firearm tips).

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Knives

1) How long of a blade length is considered a “tool” instead of a knife? A blade is considered a tool if it’s blade length is less than 3 ½ inches long. Most government facilities generally will not allow blades on the premises more than 1-1 ½” long.

2) Can I carry a knife or tool thru TSA carry-on? They continue to change the rules weekly. For safety and ownership of the knife, it is suggested you leave any knife or tool home while flying the friendly skies. Some TSA agents, on a bad day, will confiscate anything they feel is a threat. You will never see your property again.

3) What is the difference between a fixed blade and a folding blade? Fixed blades are also very easy to clean. Fixed blade knives, however, are generally bulkier, heavier, and potentially dangerous if not packed and handled properly. Fixed blade knives are generally the more rugged and reliable. Fixed blades will generally come with a sheath that slides over the blade to prevent injury and ease of transportation.
Folding knives do exactly what the name implies – the blade folds into the handle, protecting and prolonging the blade while keeping the user from cutting themselves. Folding blade knives are strong and durable enough for every day task and are easy to store in pockets, bags, vehicle glove boxes and small storage areas.

4) What is the difference between a serrated blade and a plain blade? A serrated blade is a blade with sharp, teeth-like grooves in the blade work. The serration is perfect for cutting rope or material that would require a saw-like blade to severe. A plain blade has a smooth cutting edge and is preferred for fine blade work . There are several knife selections that have a hybrid of both, named a combo edge or partially serrated.

5) Is it illegal to carry a knife? Every state has its own laws about carrying a knife on your person. Check with your state laws and municipalities to verify the legality of knives, their length and their purpose for consumer carry.

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Self Defense

1) What is pepper spray? Pepper spray, also known as OC spray (from “Oleoresin Capsicum”), OC gas, and capsicum spray, is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and temporary blindness) used in policing, riot control, crowd control, and personal self-defense, including defense against dogs, bears and other wildlife species. Its inflammatory effects cause the eyes to close, taking away vision. This temporary blindness permits individuals using pepper spray for self-defense an opportunity to escape an attack.

2) What makes Bear Spray different from regular pepper spray or Mace? Bear spray is designed to penetrate thick wet fur. It also is placed in a canister that will disperse over 30 feet, where the typical self defense spray for humans ranges in a 10-15 foot spray radius.

3) Are there TSA approved pepper spray canisters? Similar to the knives, TSA is not the arena to test your 3-3-3 rule of flying with products. Despite some pepper sprays housed in a canister less than 3 oz, TSA will most likely confiscate your spray based on a “possible” or “perceived “threat. If you want to keep your pepper spray and not “donate” it to the TSA fund, leave your pepper spray home while you fly the friendly skies. There are Emergency Supply Centers across the United States that you may purchase pepper spray from once you reach your destination. Remember: Not every state or city allows civilians to carry pepper spray. Check with your state laws and municipalities for their Pepper spray / Mace laws and regulations.

4) I am a female college student concerned about my safety while traveling across campus. What emergency precautions should I take to better prepare myself against potential attackers? Unlike some college institutions that advocate urinating or vomiting on yourself to prevent a personal attack, we would like to think that our customers and fellow Americans are more civilized than that! We suggest carrying pepper spray/Mace, carrying a whistle, attach a product called the “Pit Bull or Cat” to your key chain (it is a popular product that you tuck your fingers thru with two protruding heavy plastic spikes). Additional products will be alarms that you can carry on your key chain that will emit a high pitched scream when engaged. Remember: Attackers do not want to attract attention. Check with your state and municipality on the laws of carrying Emergency Batons, Tasers, stun guns, knives, and concealed or open carry firearms.

5) Firearms are not an option for me, what type of self defense gear would you suggest to protect myself and my family household? There are a myriad of products on the market for home defense. Try starting with a home defense pepper spray. The canister will come with an attachable wall mount. You may also consider, knives, tasers, stun guns, baseball bats, bamboo sticks and personal home security systems. Remember: Always check with the laws governing these items in your state or municipality. Your Emergency Specialist will be of assistance in local laws and regulations.

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Books

1) I am looking for a general emergency preparedness book. What book would you suggest? Take a look at the Boy Scouts Handbook, published by Skyhorse Publishing. It’s packed full of the essential preparedness knowledge and the color illustrations are the perfect guide to an overall reference in preparing yourself for any situation.

2) My Bug-Out-Bag is complete, except for a first aid reference. Do you have a suggestion for a compact first aid book that would serve as my mobile reference first aid guide? The Pocket First Aid Field Guide by George E. Dvorchak, JR.,MD is one of the best selling “compact” first aid reference books on the market. Not only is it small enough to fit into backpacks and small mobile bags, it segments its instructional sections into easy-to-read, easy-to-find information for any prepared reader.

3) I am looking for a quick reference guide on natural disasters. What would you suggest? R.F. Bunker has a collection of Quick Reference Guides including Emergency information on Floods, Earthquakes, Pandemics, Drought, Fires, Hurricanes, landslides, Pet preparedness, Power Outages, Severe Weather, Tornados, Tsunami’s & Blizzard’s.

4) Is downloading books and references to my I-phone, I-pad, or electronic notebook safe? Any resource from an electronic source will become a compromised devise. If for any reason your phone, pad, notebook runs out of charge or battery, your books and reference guides just became useless. It is suggested to have tangible resources for emergency situations to ensure that when you need emergency assistance from a papered source, you will have it when you need it.

5) My neighbors and I are C.E.R.T (Community Emergency Response Team) certified. Where can we find C.E.R.T. operations guides? All R.F. Bunker Stores in the United States carry the C.E.R.T. Operation Guides and Forms booklets. In addition, they carry other C.E.R.T. related materials including patches for C.E.R.T. identification.

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