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Hurricane Icon
What if…
Hurricane
Understanding
Hurricanes

What is a Hurricane:   A hurricane is a violent, tropical, cyclonic storm of the western North Atlantic.  Wind speeds of a hurricane can reach an excess 72 miles per hour.

Location:  Most prominent Off the Gulf of Mexico, Gulf States and East Coast coastlines off the Atlantic Ocean. Occasionally Pacific Ocean.

Duration: May be tracked days before any impact, allowing 24-72 hours warning for preparation.  Hurricanes may last days, so preparation is essential.

Caveat:  Hurricanes have 5 categories:  Category 1: 74-95 MPH winds; Minor flooding, limited damage to shrubbery. Category 2: 96-110 MPH winds; High Flood, evacuate low-lying areas; damage to mobile homes, signs, roofs, windows and doors.  Category 3: 111-130 MPH winds, serious flooding up to 8 miles (13km), damage to small buildings, mobile homes destroyed.  Category 4: 131-155 MPH winds; Extreme flooding anything under 10 feet above sea level.  Evacuation all residents residing 500 yards (457 m) off shore and single-story homes within 2 miles of shore.  Category 5: 156+ MPH winds; catastrophic, Trees, signs, traffic lights and water vessels blown around.  Extensive damage to buildings, lower floors of structures and massive required evacuations of residential areas 5-10 miles (8-16km) from shore.   Hurricanes will incapacitate cell phone use, clean water sources, bridges and drivable roadways…Be prepared!

5 Steps to Survive
Hurricanes
  1. Always have a 72 hour emergency or 72 hour evacuation bag prepared for each family member, including animals in the household. Depending on the category, evacuations are to be expected…Be Ready!
  2. Stay away from windows. If at all possible, “board” up the windows and doors to prevent flying debris from causing additional damage to your family.
  3. Always use flashlights during a hurricane, do not use candles to avoid possible internal wind driven fires.
  4. Turn off all propane and gas tanks and small appliances. Have evacuation routes planned and practice hurricane safety before events to prevent fear and confusion during a hurricane event. Keep you gas tank full to avoid lines at the gas stations upon evacuation.
  5. Upon warning, turn your refrigerator and freezer to the highest settings so that when /if the power goes out, your food preservation will be increased.
Hurricane
Checklist
  • Water- at least 1 gallon per person per day (3 days worth), Water filters and forward osmosis bags are a great alternative to combat contaminated water sources. High-Capacity, mobile Water Filter; to provide potable water from contaminated water sources
  • Food- At least 3 day supply of non-perishable, easy to prepare, mobile stove for cooking food. *Always have waterproof matches in your food mess kit. Store all Emergency Supplies in an easy-to-use container.
  • Large Trauma/ Triage First Aid Kit include, (7 days worth of medications and cash)
  • Multi-purpose tool, Gas/Water shut off key
  • Flashlight with extra batteries , candles
  • Personal Hygiene and sanitation items
  • Battery powered, hand-cranked radio with NOAA channel; two way radios to call for help if trapped. Have local emergency channels dialed in for quick reference of emergency directions and evacuation locations.
  • Rain Gear, extra clothing, hat, sturdy shoes (in case of evacuation), Leather gloves, steel toed boots
  • Family and emergency contact information (laminate), Water Proof Document Holders
  • Pet supplies (collar, leash, ID, food, carrier , bowl)
  • Sturdy saw; to assist in cutting fallen debris and creating emergency travel paths
  • Pully system w/ rope, crow bar, breaker bar, Axe, Chain saw, come-along ratchet system
  • Maps of Area
  • Insect repellant, insect / mosquito netting
  • Extra wool Blankets, emergency blankets and Emergency bags
  • Self inflating water bags, Sand, non-clump kitty litter, water bags (to fill with sand etc)
After a Hurricane Strikes
  • Be aware that continued rainfall and flooding will continue even after the hurricane has moved on to another location. Follow flooding safety procedures to prevent additional emergency damage or injury. Note: Be aware that the “eye” of every hurricane will produce a false calm. It is important to wait at least an hour before you go outside to survey any damages in an effort to identify the true location of the hurricane.
  • Listen to a portable, battery operated / hand crank radio for updated emergency information around your area. Evacuation locations and emergency supply sites will be identified to assist. Listen to NOAA Weather Radio or the local news for current updates on the hurricane situation.
  • Avoid any buildings, homes or locations that have standing water around the location. Not only are there useable damage present, the water will likely be contaminated and present additional safety issues. Avoid any areas where fallen power lines, poles, or debris may be a concern.
  • Throw away any damaged, spoiled or compromised food and water. Remember: Flooding will be expected during a hurricane and water sources will likely be contaminated. Do not drink out of public water receptacles and always have a high-capacity mobile water filter on hand for potable water.
  • After a hurricane, debris such as trees, boats, homes, vehicles, dead animals, and power lines will pose a serious danger to safety when moving about. Take care to avoid these areas and be aware of the threat.
  • Wear durable-heavy clothing, leather gloves, sturdy boots when cleaning up after a hurricane to avoid personal injury.